People > Phrataphernes



Phrataphernes was a notable figure in the Achaemenid Persian Empire during the reign of King Darius III. He is primarily known for his role as a satrap (provincial governor) and military commander. Phrataphernes was a Persian noble who served in various administrative and military capacities within the empire. He likely gained prominence through his loyal service to the Persian king and demonstrated administrative and military competence.

Satrapy of Hellespontine Phrygia

Phrataphernes was appointed as the satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia, a region in western Anatolia (modern-day Turkey). As satrap, he was responsible for governing the province, collecting taxes, and maintaining order on behalf of the Persian crown. Phrataphernes also served as a military commander, leading Persian forces in various campaigns and conflicts. He likely participated in military campaigns against the Persian Empire's adversaries, both external (e.g., Greek city-states) and internal (e.g., revolting satrapies).

Role in the Wars of Alexander the Great

Phrataphernes is mentioned in historical accounts of the wars between the Persian Empire and Alexander the Great. He remained loyal to King Darius III and fought on the side of the Persian forces against Alexander's invading army. Phrataphernes's tenure as satrap exemplifies the Persian Empire's system of provincial governance and the importance of loyal and capable officials in maintaining imperial control. His role as a military commander highlights the Persian Empire's military capabilities and its efforts to defend its territories against external threats.

Phrataphernes was a key figure in the Achaemenid Persian Empire, serving as a satrap and military commander during a tumultuous period of conflict with Alexander the Great's armies. His loyal service to the Persian king and his leadership in both administrative and military spheres underscore the complexity and resilience of the Persian Empire's governance and defense mechanisms. Though specific details about his life and actions may be limited, Phrataphernes remains an important figure in the history of the Persian Empire and its encounters with external powers.

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