People > Abradates



Death of Pantheia by Peter Paul RubensAbradatas (Greek Αβραδάτας; fl. 6th century BC) was a king, probably fictional, of Susa, known to us from Xenophon's partly fictional biography of Cyrus the Great, the Cyropaedia.[1][2] According to it, he was an ally of the Assyrians against Cyrus the Great, while Cyrus was still a vassal to his (also probably fictional) uncle, Cyaxares II.[3]His wife Pantheia was taken by Cyrus on the conquest of the Assyrian camp, while Abradatas was absent on a mission to the Bactrians. In consequence of the honorable treatment .[4] which his wife received from Cyrus, he was persuaded to join the latter with his forces. He fell in battle, while fighting against the army of Croesus, during the conquest of Lydia in 547 BC.[3] Inconsolable at his loss, Pantheia committed suicide, [5][6]and her example was followed by her three eunuchs. Cyrus had a high mound raised in their honour: on a pillar[7] on the top were inscribed the names of Abradatas and Pantheia in the Syriac characters; and three columns below bore the inscription σκηπτούχων in honour of the eunuchs.[8]The romance of Abradatas and Pantheia forms a significant part of the latter half of the Cyropaedia.References[edit]Jump up ^ Xenophon, Cyropaedia v. 1. § 3, vi. 1. § 31, &c. 4. § 2, &c. vii. 3. § 2, &c.Jump up ^ Lucian. Imag. 20^ Jump up to: a b Brunner, Christopher Joseph (1984), "Abradatas", Encyclopaedia Iranica, 1.3, Costa Mesa: Mazda Pub, p. 228Jump up ^ Xenophon Hist., Cyropaedia Book 6, chapter 4, section 5, line 3 ἐν δὲ τούτῳ ἡ Πάνθεια ἀποχωρῆσαι κελεύσασα τοὺς παρόντας πάντας ἔλεξεν· Ἀλλ' ὅτι μέν, ὦ Ἀβραδάτα, εἴ τις καὶ ἄλλη πώποτε γυνὴ τὸν ἑαυτῆς ἄνδρα μεῖζον τῆς αὑτῆς ψυχῆς ἐτίμησεν, οἶμαί σε γιγνώ- σκειν ὅτι καὶ ἐγὼ μία τούτων εἰμί. τί οὖν ἐμὲ δεῖ καθ' ἓν ἕκαστον λέγειν; τὰ γὰρ ἔργα οἶμαί σοι πιθανώτερα παρε- σχῆσθαι τῶν νῦν λεχθέντων λόγων. ὅμως δὲ οὕτως ἔχουσα πρὸς σὲ ὥσπερ σὺ οἶσθα, ἐπομνύω σοι τὴν ἐμὴν καὶ σὴν φιλίαν ἦ μὴν ἐγὼ βούλεσθαι ἂν μετὰ σοῦ ἀνδρὸς ἀγαθοῦ γενομένου κοινῇ γῆν ἐπιέσασθαι μᾶλλον ἢ ζῆν μετ' αἰσχυνο- μένου αἰσχυνομένη· οὕτως ἐγὼ καὶ σὲ τῶν καλλίστων καὶ ἐμαυτὴν ἠξίωκα. καὶ Κύρῳ δὲ μεγάλην τινὰ δοκῶ ἡμᾶς χάριν ὀφείλειν, ὅτι με αἰχμάλωτον γενομένην καὶ ἐξαι- ρεθεῖσαν αὑτῷ οὔτε ὡς δούλην ἠξίωσε κεκτῆσθαι οὔτε ὡς ἐλευθέραν ἐν ἀτίμῳ ὀνόματι, διεφύλαξε δὲ σοὶ ὥσπερ ἀδελφοῦ γυναῖκα λαβών. πρὸς δὲ καὶ ὅτε Ἀράσπας ἀπέστη αὐτοῦ ὁ ἐμὲ φυλάττων, ὑπεσχόμην αὐτῷ, εἴ με ἐάσειε πρὸςJump up ^ Joannes Rhet., Commentarium in Hermogenis librum περὶ ἰδεῶν 6, Page 431, line 9 <Ὥσπερ ὁ Ξενοφών·> φησὶ γὰρ οὗτος ἐν πέμ- πτῳ τῆς παιδείας Κύρου, τοῦ πρώτως βασιλεύσαν- τος Περσῶν, ὅτι ἡ Πανθία, τεθνῶτος τοῦ ἀνδρὸς Ἀ- βραδάτου, βασιλέως Σούσων, ὑπὸ τῶν Αἰγυπτίων, καὶ ἀποκοπείσης αὐτοῦ τῆς χειρὸς, λαβοῦσα ταύτην κατεφί- λει· ἦν γὰρ, ὡς ἀπεκόπη, ἁρμοσθεῖσα τῷ ἰδίῳ σώματι· φησὶ γάρ· καὶ ἡ χεὶρ ἐπηκολούθει.Jump up ^ Anonymi In Hermogenem Rhet., Commentarium in librum περὶ ἰδεῶν Volume 7, page 1078, line 12 Ὁ Ἀβραδάτης εἰς πόλεμον τέθνηκε, καὶ ἔκοψαν τὴν χεῖρα αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἡ γυνὴ ἐκράτει τῆς χειρὸς αὐτοῦ καταφιλοῦσα, καὶ ἠκολούθει ἡ χεὶρ αὐτοῦ.Jump up ^ Αυτ. ΣΤ, 1, 46. Ζ, 3, 5Jump up ^ Smith, William (1867), "Abradatas", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, p. 3PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Abradatas". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. London: John Murray.
Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo