Median People > Kings of Media

Kings of Media


The kings of Media were the rulers of the ancient Median Empire, a significant power in the Near East during the 7th and 6th centuries BCE. The Median Empire played a crucial role in the region's history and served as a precursor to the Achaemenid Empire, which succeeded it. Here's an overview of the kings of Media and their significance:


Deioces is traditionally regarded as the founder of the Median Empire, having united the various Median tribes into a centralized state. He established the Median capital at Ecbatana (modern-day Hamadan, Iran) and laid the foundations for Median governance.


Phraortes succeeded Deioces and continued his father's policies of centralization and expansion. He launched military campaigns to extend Median control over neighboring territories, including parts of Assyria.


Cyaxares, the son of Phraortes, is considered one of the most influential kings of Media. Under his rule, the Median Empire reached its zenith, with territorial expansion and military successes against the Neo-Assyrian Empire.


Astyages, the grandson of Cyaxares, was the last king of Media before its conquest by Cyrus the Great of Persia. His reign saw the rise of the Achaemenid Persians as a dominant force in the region.

The kings of Media played a crucial role in consolidating the various Median tribes and establishing a centralized state. Their efforts laid the groundwork for the subsequent rise of the Persian Empire under Cyrus the Great. The Median Empire influenced the cultural and political development of the Near East, serving as a bridge between the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Persia.

The conquest of Media by Cyrus the Great marked a significant turning point in ancient Near Eastern history. The incorporation of Media into the Achaemenid Empire laid the foundation for one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world. Information about the kings of Media is primarily derived from ancient historical texts, including Herodotus' "Histories" and Assyrian annals. These sources provide valuable insights into the history and significance of the Median Empire.

Archaeological excavations in the region of ancient Media have unearthed artifacts and inscriptions that shed light on its rulers and their achievements.These discoveries complement the historical accounts and enrich our understanding of the Median Empire. In summary, the kings of Media played a pivotal role in the history of the ancient Near East, establishing a powerful empire that influenced the cultural and political landscape of the region. While their reigns are primarily known through ancient texts and archaeological evidence, their legacy endured through the subsequent rise of the Achaemenid Empire and its successors in Persia.

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo