People > Bagoas



Bagoas, also known as Bagohi or Bagoses, was a significant figure in ancient Persian and Hellenistic history, particularly during the reigns of Artaxerxes III and Darius III of the Achaemenid Empire. He held various high-ranking positions within the Persian administration and military and played a crucial role in the political affairs of the empire during a period of upheaval and conflict. Bagoas was likely born into a noble Persian family, although details about his early life and family background are not extensively documented.

Bagoas rose to prominence as a court official and advisor within the Persian royal court, earning the trust and favor of the Persian kings. Bagoas served as a military commander under Artaxerxes III, playing a key role in campaigns against rebellious satraps and external enemies of the empire. He was involved in suppressing several revolts and uprisings within the Persian Empire, helping to maintain stability and order during Artaxerxes III's reign.

Bagoas' influence reached its zenith during the reign of Darius III, who succeeded Artaxerxes III as king of Persia. He became one of Darius III's most trusted advisors and wielded considerable power within the Persian court. Bagoas accompanied Darius III on military campaigns against Alexander the Great, who was leading the Greek and Macedonian forces in their conquest of the Persian Empire.

Battle of Issus:

Bagoas was present at the Battle of Issus in 333 BCE, where Darius III suffered a significant defeat at the hands of Alexander the Great. His advice and counsel during this critical battle may have influenced the course of Persian history. Following the Battle of Issus and subsequent defeats, the Achaemenid Empire entered a period of decline, culminating in the fall of Persepolis and the end of Persian rule in 330 BCE.


Bagoas is mentioned in various ancient sources, including the writings of Greek historians such as Arrian and Curtius Rufus, who documented the campaigns of Alexander the Great. His role in Persian politics and military affairs provides valuable insights into the inner workings of the Achaemenid Empire during its decline. Bagoas has been depicted in literature, art, and popular culture, often as a cunning and influential figure within the Persian court.

In summary, Bagoas was a Persian nobleman and court official who rose to prominence during the reigns of Artaxerxes III and Darius III of the Achaemenid Empire. He played a significant role in Persian politics and military affairs, particularly during the empire's decline and the campaigns of Alexander the Great. His influence and legacy endure as part of the rich tapestry of ancient Persian history.

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