People > Arukku



Arukku ( Assyrian A-ru-uk-ku, Old Persian Harriukqa / Hariuwuka, Iranian Aryavuka / Aryuka, Aramaic Aryuk ; * before 656 BC..) was the eldest son of King Kuras (Cyrus I) from Parsumaš .In connection with the destruction of Susa, effectively the dissolution of the kingdom of Elam by Ashurbanipal, Kuras (Cyrus I) sent his son Arukku to Nineveh to recognize the supremacy of the Assyrians in 639 BC. The distinction equating Parsua with Parsumaš would mean that the here referenced Cyrus might have meanwhile taken over the sovereignty of one of many kings. In 835 BC, in the 24th year of the reign of Shalmaneser III, Parsua was described as a country with 27 kings.[1]Contents [hide]1Traditional identifications2Alternative explanations3Doubts about the identification4ReferencesTraditional identifications[edit]Traditionally Arukku is usually identified as the son of Cyrus I. The mention serves as proof for the oldest message in the Persian royal family .[2] This was followed by the derivation that Cambyses I must have been another son. According to this chronology, in which Cyrus already occurs as a father and king, the birth of Cyrus would be no later than 680 to 675 BC.[3]Alternative explanations[edit]The Kyros mentioned by Ashurbanipal did not have vassal status, but gave voluntary gifts to Assyria to ensure friendly relations with the new neighbor. However, these gifts were recorded in the Assyrian king's lists as a tribute.[4] The traditional derivation is not always mentioned by all historians, since the age of Cyrus is thought to be too high and the reading of the name Arukkus is considered uncertain.[5]Doubts about the identification[edit]Other historians doubt the equation of Parsumaš with Parsa and comment on the traditional identifications as obsolete and refuted .[6]References[edit]Jump up ^ Dietz Otto Edzard: history of Mesopotamia , p. 198Jump up ^ Ernst Friedrich Weidner : The oldest message via the Persian royal house; Cyrus I was a contemporary of Assurbanipal . In: AfO , Vol 7 (1931/32), pp 1-7. ISSN 0066-6440 .Jump up ^ If Arukku were a 17-year-old son in 639 BC, this results in a birth year of 656 BC at the latest. His father Cyrus was at least 19 years old in the year of Arukku's birth.Jump up ^ Dietz Otto Edzard: history of Mesopotamia , p. 226Jump up ^ Reinhold Bichler: Herodotus world , p. 256Jump up ^ Klaas Veenhof: History of the Ancient Near East until the time of Alexander the Great , p. 274
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