Achaemenid Structures > Apadana Eastern Stairs

Apadana Eastern Stairs

Background

The eastern stairs of the Apadana at Persepolis show a procession of people bringing tribute to the Achaemenid king. The reliefs were made in the last years of the sixth century, and probably executed by Yaunâ artists. We are allowed to identify the king on the central scene with Darius the Great (r. 522-486), but the relief is also an idealization: the king who receives the presents is not a particular individual, but embodies Persian rule.The relief, which has miraculously survived the sack of Persepolis by the soldiers of Alexander the Great in 330 BCE, consists of three parts and is flanked by the Old Persian inscription known as XPb:The northern wall: representations of all kinds of Persian dignitaries, horsemen, and chariots.The center: eight soldiers.The southern wall (picture above): all nations of the Persian Empire, in the following arrangement:ThraciansSagartiansBactriansEgyptiansAriansParthiansElamitesMedesCariansArabsSogdiansGandaransSacaeSyriansBabyloniansArmeniansNubiansLibyansLION/BULLIndiansArachosiansGreeksCappadociansLydians

Achaemenid Empire

+ List of Achaemenid Structures

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo