Campaigns of Cyrus the Great > Blank

Persian Revolt


The Persian revolt against Babylon, led by Cyrus the Great, was a significant event in ancient history that culminated in the overthrow of the Neo-Babylonian Empire and the conquest of Babylon by the Persian forces. This pivotal event occurred in the 6th century BCE and marked the beginning of the rise of the Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus's leadership. Babylon, under the rule of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, was a major power in the ancient Near East, known for its wealth, military strength, and cultural achievements. King Nabonidus ruled Babylon at the time of Cyrus's invasion.

Persian Expansion: Cyrus the Great, ruler of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, had already embarked on a campaign of conquest, expanding Persian territory and incorporating neighboring regions into his empire. Babylon remained one of the few major powers in the region that had not yet been subdued by the Persians.

Causes of the Revolt:

Oppressive Rule: The Neo-Babylonian Empire, under King Nabonidus, faced internal unrest and dissatisfaction among its subjects due to perceived mismanagement, religious policies, and heavy taxation.

Cyrus's Ambition: Cyrus, seeking to expand his empire and consolidate his power in the region, saw an opportunity to exploit Babylon's internal weaknesses and assert Persian dominance over the fertile Mesopotamian lands.

Course of the Revolt:

Military Campaign: Cyrus mobilized his forces and launched a military campaign against Babylon, marching his army towards the city and its surrounding territories.

Strategic Maneuvers: Cyrus employed strategic tactics, including diplomatic alliances with local tribes and diversionary attacks on Babylon's defenses, to weaken the city's resistance and gain the support of its inhabitants.

Siege and Capture: After a prolonged siege, Babylon fell to the Persian forces in 539 BCE. According to historical accounts, Cyrus's army diverted the flow of the Euphrates River, allowing his soldiers to enter the city through the dried-up riverbed.

Consequences and Legacy:

End of Babylonian Rule: The conquest of Babylon marked the end of the Neo-Babylonian Empire and the transfer of power to the Persians, establishing Cyrus as the new ruler of Babylon.

Cyrus's Policies: Cyrus implemented policies of tolerance and benevolence towards the conquered peoples, allowing religious freedom and granting autonomy to local administrators, which helped to secure Persian control over the region.

Founding of the Achaemenid Empire: The conquest of Babylon by Cyrus laid the foundation for the Achaemenid Empire, which would go on to become one of the largest and most powerful empires in ancient history, spanning from Egypt to the Indus River Valley.

Historical Significance:

Symbol of Persian Power: The capture of Babylon by Cyrus demonstrated the military prowess and political acumen of the Persian Empire, solidifying its position as a dominant force in the ancient Near East.

Cultural Exchange: The Persian conquest of Babylon facilitated cultural exchange and interaction between the Persian and Mesopotamian civilizations, influencing art, architecture, and religious practices in the region.

In summary, the Persian revolt against Babylon led by Cyrus the Great was a pivotal event that reshaped the political landscape of the ancient Near East, marking the beginning of Persian dominance in the region and the rise of the Achaemenid Empire as a major world power.


The Nabonidus Chronicle of the Babylonian Chronicles

Herodotus (The Histories) I, 127

Ctesias (Persica)

Diodorus Siculus (Bibliotheca historica)

Justin, Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus (English)

Fragments of Nicolas of Damascus

Strabo (History), (XV 3.8)

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
SEO Guide Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Day Map Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo